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This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Revising for Cohesion Summary: Proofreading is primarily about searching your writing for errors, both grammatical and typographical, before submitting your paper for an audience a teacher, a publisher, etc.
Use this resource to help you find and fix common errors. Writing a cohesive paper takes time and revision. This resource will focus primarily on topic sentences that begin each paragraph and on topics, or main points, within a paragraph. This resource will also enable students to look closely at their sentences and see how each sentence relates to another within a paragraph.
This material is adapted from Style: For a video guide to cutting unnecessary essay content, visit the Purdue OWL's vidcast on cutting. Principles Begin sentences with short, simple words and phrases.
These phrases should communicate information that appeared in previous sentences, or build on knowledge that you share with your reader. Within a paragraph, keep your topics, or main points, direct and reasonably consistent. Create a list of words to draw from that intuitively tells the reader what to focus on.
Diagnosis, Analysis, Revision Diagnosis Underline the first few words of every sentence in a paragraph, ignoring short introductory phrases such as "In the beginning," or "For the most part. Remember that a clause has a subject and verb Analysis Read your underlined words.
Is there a consistent set of related topics?
Will your reader see these connections among the topics? Imagine that the passage has a title. The words in the title should identify what should be the topics of most of the sentences. Decide what you will focus on in each paragraph. Revision In most sentences, make your topics subjects that do the action in the sentences.
Move your topics to the beginning of your sentences. Avoid hiding your topic behind long introductory phrases or clauses.
Sample Passage Topics are crucial for readers because readers depend on topics to focus their attention on particular ideas toward the beginning of sentences.
Topics tell readers what a whole passage is "about. But if throughout the paragraph readers feel that its topics shift randomly, then they have to begin each sentence out of context, from no coherent point of view.
When that happens, readers feel dislocated, disoriented, and out of focus. Analysis of the Sample Passage: Read your underlined words.
Here are some significant words from the clauses that are underlined in the above example: Do these words help guide your reader along?
Utilize repetition and patterns of progression. What this sample passage does really well is that it works with repetition. It also has a pattern of progression: This variation is direct, concise, and surprising: Think about the importance of your topics and what happens to the paragraph if these topics are not utilized.
In the sample passage, the highlighted phrase seems out of place. Topics are crucial for readers. If readers feel that a sequence of topics is coherent, then they will feel they are moving through a paragraph from a cumulatively coherent point of view.
Questions to ask yourself as you revise On a sentence level: Do your sentences "hang together"? Readers must feel that sentences in a paragraph are not just individually clear, but are unified with each other.Start studying Writing. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. Which is NOT a category of common writing errors addressed in the revising stage of the ACE process? Outlining. What should you NOT do in the close of a bad-news message? Many of us don’t think about revising as we should. You’ve labored long and hard on your article or book, and you’re excited to turn it in to your editor.
In the revising stage you should edit and reread the memo to make sure that thats what you wanna say.
Which should you do in the revising stage of writing a memo? attheheels.comt your main point attheheels.com about your audience’s interest and knowledge level5/5(4). During the revising process, put your writing aside at least twice—once during the first part of the process, when you are reorganizing your work, and once during the second part, when you are polishing and paying attention to details.
Which should you do in the revising stage of writing a memo Essay constituted retaliation like stuff, leaked memo to these videos for affiliate marketers. 'Next writing' back by the purdue online.