A scandal surfaced in Junewhen five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic national headquarters at the Watergate office-apartment building in Washington. When it was learned that the burglars had been hired by the Committee to Re-Elect the President CRP ,… Burglary, arrest, and limited immediate political effect Early on June 17,police apprehended five burglars at the office of the DNC in the Watergate complex. The fifth, James W.
United States History Watergate Scandal Before the summer ofthe word "Watergate" meant nothing more than an office and luxurious apartment complex in Washington, D.
As a result of a "third-rate burglary" on June 17 of that year, it came to be associated with the greatest political scandal of that century and would change the lives of the many people involved — especially President Richard M.
While doing his rounds at the Watergate Hotel in the early morning of June 17,security guard Frank Wills found a door, located between the basement stairwell and the parking garage, that was being prevented from latching by a piece of tape.
He removed the tape and continued his rounds. Returning to the same spot later, he discovered that someone had re-taped the door. His curiosity now aroused, he called the police.
The men had been repairing wiretapping equipment and, according to some, taking pictures of documentation. Another of the arrested men identified his occupation as "anti-communist. Another link to the White House came to light when the phone number for E.
It later appeared that Hunt and G. Their most famous mission was the break-in at the home of former Pentagon employee Daniel Ellsbergwhere they unsuccessfully attempted to prevent further leaks of confidential information, the Pentagon Papers. Almost immediately, a cover-up was undertaken by persons associated with the president and his campaign.
Jeb Magruder and others destroyed documents and lied to investigators. The acting director of the FBIL. Nixon argued that the investigation might interfere with a CIA operation.
Dean and others later tried to get the CIA to go along with the plan. He cited "personal reasons. Woodward and Bernstein received information from someone with inside knowledge of the White House, a source known as "Deep Throat.
Although the Post continued to investigate, little more came to light during the balance of the campaign. On August 19, Nixon declared that no one then employed in his administration was involved in Watergate.
On September 15, indictments were handed down on the five men arrested on June 26, plus Liddy and Hunt. Information obtained from the Democratic National Committee offices was allegedly used to aid Nixon in his re-election campaign.
District Court in Washington, D. Five pleaded guilty, and McCord and Liddy were convicted of conspiracy, burglary, and illegal wiretapping. Meanwhile, suspicions grew that the break-in was part of a broad program of political espionage.
Senate voted to conduct an investigation. The grand jury continued to hear witnesses. His testimony suggested that other top White House aides were involved in clandestine activities. On March 21, Dean wrote to Nixon and warned him that Watergate had become a "cancer growing on the presidency.
Hoping to avoid a severe sentence, McCord cooperated with investigators and implicated Dean and Magruder in the break-in. Investigators were told that Mitchell had approved the break-in, that transcripts of conversations taped at the DNC were given to aide Gordon C.
Strachan for delivery to Haldeman, and that Ehrlichman had ordered the destruction of documents. Attorney General Richard Kleindienst resigned rather than prosecute men he knew.
In the end, 40 government officials were indicted.
Haldeman, Ehrlichman, and Mitchell denied wrongdoing and defended the president. On July 16,Alexander Butterfield, a former White House official, testified to the Ervin Committee that Nixon had taped his own conversations in the White House for a period of time that included the alleged Watergate cover-up.
Cox subpoenaed a number of tapes that he felt were essential to the investigation. Nixon refused to release them. Judge Sirica directed Nixon to let him hear the tapes. Nixon appealed the order, arguing that a president was immune from judicial orders enforcing subpoenas and that under the concept of executive privilege only he could decide which communications could be disclosed.
Court of Appeals upheld Sirica, Nixon countered with a suggestion that Senator John Stennis of Mississippi listen to the tapes and verify an edited version that Nixon would submit to the grand jury and to the Senate committee. Nixon told Attorney General Richardson to fire Cox. Richardson, having assured Congress that the prosecutor would be free to pursue the investigation, resigned instead.
The actions of October 20, which became known as the "Saturday Night Massacre," launched the first serious moves to impeach Nixon.Richard Nixon, in full Richard Milhous Nixon, (born January 9, , Yorba Linda, California, U.S.—died April 22, , New York, New York), 37th president of the United States (–74), who, faced with almost certain impeachment for his role in the Watergate scandal, became the first American president to resign from office.
War Powers Act, law passed by the U.S. Congress on November 7, , over the veto of Pres. Richard Nixon. The joint measure was called the War Powers Resolution, though the title of the Senate-approved bill, War Powers Act, became widely used.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.
on June 17, , and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement. was a political scandal that occurred in the United States in the s as a result of the June 17, break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.
Jan 10, · Intrepid reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, with help from their anonymous source Deep Throat, helped unravel the mess, and eventually the Watergate Scandal . The story of Watergate has an intriguing historical and political background, arising out of political events of the s such as Vietnam, and the publication of the Pentagon Papers in But the chronology of the scandal really begins during , when the .