We welcome papers from both academicians and practitioners on theories, business models, conceptual paradigms, academic research, and consultancy projects. All subject areas of Biology and life sciences: Agriculture, Anatomy, Astrobiology, Behavior, Bioacoustics and etc. Artificial intelligence, Catalogs, Computer applications, Computer architecture, and etc.
By Maeve Duggan Summary of Findings Harassment—from garden-variety name calling to more threatening behavior— is a common part of online life that colors the experiences of many web users. Pew Research paper on line asked respondents about six different forms of online harassment. Those who witnessed harassment said they had seen at least one of the following occur to others online: The first set of experiences is somewhat less severe: It is a layer of annoyance so common that those who see or experience it say they often ignore it.
Online harassment tends to occur to different groups in different environments with different personal and emotional repercussions.
In broad trends, the data show that men are more likely to experience name-calling and embarrassment, while young women are particularly vulnerable to sexual harassment and stalking.
Social media is the most common scene of both types of harassment, although men highlight online gaming and comments sections as other spaces they typically encounter harassment.
Those who exclusively experience less severe forms of harassment report fewer emotional or personal impacts, while those with more severe harassment experiences often report more serious emotional tolls. Key findings Who is harassed: Age and gender are most closely associated with the experience of online harassment.
Young adults, thoseare more likely than any other demographic group to experience online harassment. Young women, thoseexperience certain severe types of harassment at disproportionately high levels: In addition, they do not escape the heightened rates of physical threats and sustained harassment common to their male peers and young people in general.
In terms of specific experiences, men are more likely than women to encounter name-calling, embarrassment, and physical threats. Beyond those demographic groups, those whose lives are especially entwined with the internet report experiencing higher rates of harassment online.
This includes those who have more information available about them online, those who promote themselves online for their job, and those who work in the digital technology industry. Perpetrators of online harassment: Taken together, this means half of those who have experienced online harassment did not know the person involved in their most recent incident.
Online harassment is much more prevalent in some online environments than in others.
Asked to recall where their most recent experience took place: Men—and young men in particular—were more likely to report online gaming as the most recent site of their harassment. Responses to online harassment: Those who responded to their most recent incident with online harassment took the following steps: They are more likely to take actions like unfriending or blocking the person responsible, confronting the person online, reporting the person to a website or online service, changing their username or deleting their profile, and ending their attendance at certain offline events and places.
After-effects of online harassment:The Reading Brain in the Digital Age: The Science of Paper versus Screens. E-readers and tablets are becoming more popular as such technologies improve, but research suggests that reading on paper. The Purdue Online Writing Lab Welcome to the Purdue OWL.
We offer free resources including Writing and Teaching Writing, Research, Grammar and Mechanics, Style Guides, ESL (English as a Second Language), and Job Search and Professional Writing. The research paper is an extended essay that presents your own ideas based on reliable scientific evidence regarding the topic you research.
First, you will need to check a lot of academic sources to understand the topic.
Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi.
Barry Rosenfeld, PhD, ABPP, is a Professor of Psychology andDirector of Clinical Training at Fordham attheheels.com has morethan publications on a wide range of clinical-forensic attheheels.com addition, he has authored or coauthored several articles andbook chapters on research .
Wish someone could write your academic paper for you? Text us "write my essay" and get matched with a professional essay writer in seconds!