As a former legal counsel for PEMRA and its related media cases, if you have further queries regarding a legal matter I will be happy to help. I can be reached at pirwahid joshandmak. Then, with the consent of government giving licenses to media houses to run their channels the government came up with a regulatory body called Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority to look after these channels and regulate them.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The Ordinances were adopted on 21 August and came into effect immediately. International and Domestic Obligations II. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes the right to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
The UDHR is not directly binding on States but parts of it, including Article 19, are widely regarded as having acquired legal force as customary international law since its adoption in Freedom of expression is a key human right, in particular because of its fundamental role in underpinning democracy.
This implies a free press and other media able to comment on public issues without censorship or restraint and to inform public opinion. The guarantee of freedom of expression applies to all forms of expression, not only those which fit in with majority viewpoints and perspectives.
The European Court of Human Rights has repeatedly stated: Freedom of expression has a double dimension; it refers not only to imparting information and ideas but also to receiving them. This is explicit in international guarantees of freedom of expression such as that found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, quoted above, and has also been stressed by international courts.
Freedom of the press affords the public one of the best means of discovering and forming an opinion of the ideas and attitudes of their political leaders.
In particular, it gives politicians the opportunity to reflect and comment on the preoccupations of public opinion; it thus enables everyone to participate in the free political debate which is at the very core of the concept of a democratic society. The media merit special protection in part because of their role in informing the public and in acting as watchdog of government.
The European Court of Human Rights has made this clear in the following statement, which it has often quoted: Whilst the press must not overstep the bounds set [for the protection of the interests set forth in Article 10 2 ] … it is nevertheless incumbent upon it to impart information and ideas of public interest.
Not only does it have the task of imparting such information and ideas; the public also has a right to receive them. Constitutional courts in several countries have affirmed this point.
For example, the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka, faced with a Bill providing for a Broadcasting Authority, some of whose members would be government appointees, stated: It can be argued that even a mere suspicion of improper interference suffices to cast doubt on the constitutionality of the authority.
As Lord Denning MR explained: It does not look to if there was a real likelihood that he would, or did, in fact favor one side at the expense of the other.[CAP Freedom of Information Rev.
Ed.] FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ORDINANCE An Ordinance to give to members of the public rights of access to information held by public authorities [03 August ] PART I—PRELIMINARY 1.—(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Freedom of Information Ordinance Information Bill and The Right to Information Bill In order to repeal Freedom of Information Ordinance , Senate Committee on Information and Broadcasting has approved the Right to Information Bill and Standing Committee of Federal Cabinet for Disposal of Legislative Business has approved the Right of Access.
The Passage To The Northwest Ordinance History Essay. The ordinance held a freedom of religion, a right to a trial by a jury, freedom from cruel and unusual punishment, and a right to a free public education. Most importantly, the Northwest Ordinance of banned slavery in any form ("Northwest ordinance," ).
civil society organizations greeted Freedom of Information Ordinance first law of the land that gave right to information rather than denying it, as was the practice in the past. The Centre for Peace and Development Initiatives, Pakistan (CPDI-Pakistan), unlike most organizations, did not reject this law .
This Memorandum analyses the Press Council of Pakistan Ordinance, (Press Council Ordinance), the Pakistan Press, Newspapers, News Agencies and Books Registration Ordinance, (Registration Ordinance) and Freedom of Information Ordinance, for compliance with international standards on freedom of expression.
2. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice.