Published online Mar Al-Shwaiyat Find articles by Naseem M.
BoxRiyadhSaudi Arabia, Email: Seppo Salminen, University of Turku, Finland. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Saudi Arabia Food consumption among international students passed through lifestyle changes toward unhealthy dietary patterns such as high fast food consumption.
Adolescents and young adults, particularly girls, are the main groups exposed to and affected by these adverse eating behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to examine the trends of fast food consumption among adolescent and young adult Saudi girls living in Riyadh, and to compare between them.
Design In a cross-sectional survey, adolescent Saudi girls 13—18 years and 69 young adult Saudi girls 19—29 years were randomly recruited to participate in this study. Weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were measured using standardized methods.
Twenty-four-hour diet recall and a face-to-face interview food questionnaire were performed. Results Most of the participants had adequate intake of protein, riboflavin, iron, and sodium, but exhibited low intake for several other nutrients.
Among study participants, Burgers and carbonated soft drinks were the main kinds of fast food meals and beverages usually eaten by girls. Adolescent girls who usually ate large portion sizes of fast food had significantly higher mean waist circumference and hip circumference.
Participants eat fast food primarily for enjoying the delicious taste, followed by convenience. Finally, international restaurants were preferable by participants to buy fast food compared with local restaurants Conclusion Our findings provide evidence on the high prevalence of fast food consumption among Saudi girls, suggesting an urgent need for community-based nutrition interventions that consider the trends of fast food consumption and targeted eating behaviors of adolescent and young adult girls.
These modifications include more unhealthy food choices, eating outside the home mainly at fast food restaurantssedentary behaviors, and physical inactivity, especially among girls, all of which put adolescents at nutritional risk 12.
A study reported that adolescent girls associated consumption of fast food with pleasure, friends, and independence, while they associated consumption of healthy food with parents and being at home 3.
Current data emphasized that environmental influences, especially family, had important effects on eating habits, weight gain, and physical activity during the transition from adolescence to adulthood 45.
When adolescents form certain dietary behaviors, they will maintain these behaviors even after becoming adults and establishing new households that are independent of their parents and family 5. Therefore, if healthful dietary behaviors are not well formed in adolescents and undesirable lifestyle patterns persisted during the transition to adulthood, these behaviors may carry out for a lifetime, which would increase the risk for chronic non-communicable diseases such as obesity 6 — 8.
Fast food typically refers to food that is quickly prepared, purchased in self-service from restaurants with precooked ingredients, and served in a packaged form to the customer to take-away such as burgers, French fries, and pizza 9.
Fast food first popularized in the s in the United States, which has today the largest fast food industry in the world.
In addition, meals and snacks based on food prepared outside home contained more calories, and were higher in total fat and saturated fat and lower in dietary fiber, calcium, and iron, than home-made foods Moreover, a strong positive association has been reported between fast food consumption and both weight gain and insulin resistance, suggesting that fast food increases the risks of obesity and type 2 diabetes Adolescents and young adults form the main consumers for fast food meals compared with older people 2 As taste, time considerations, convenience, and cost are major factors that contribute to an adolescent's or young adult's food choices, fast food restaurants serve as popular sites for their meals eaten outside the home 13 Fast food contains more fat, saturated fat, added sugars, added salt, and energy and less dietary fiber; therefore, eating fast food seems to have an adverse effect on diet quality 15 — Moreover, consuming fast food was associated with lower intakes of fruits, vegetables, and milk.
In the same way, Morse and Driskell 19 examined the trends of fast food consumption among college students.Fast food consumption habits of university students Fast food consumption habits of university students.
to assess the knowledge and practice of fast food consumption among Pre-University. This study was conducted to assess the junk food consumption and patterns of consumed junk food among secondary level students.
Material and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional research. is easier for international students to purchase food from fast food restaurants since it is already made.
Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR) Vol-3, Issue-3, been an increase in fast food consumption among the locals in recent years (Cheung ).
Aim. This study was done to assess the awareness of health hazards, consumption pattern of fast foods and to find out its association . International Food and Agribusiness Management Review Volume 10, Issue 3, Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among College Students in Arkansas and Florida: Food Culture vs.
Health Knowledge relationship between health knowledge, food culture, and . The food choices and meal consumption patterns of undergraduate students from two Nigerian universities, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (OAU) and Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko (AAU) (n = ; male and female; overall mean .