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Anna of Brandenburg — was a German noblewoman. She was born in Berlin, Brandenburg, and died in Kiel, Holstein. After her father's accession to the throne in a marriage was suggested to the English claimant to the throne, Duke Richard of Suffolk, who was supported by King Francis of France, but without success.
Inshe received a proposal from the newly made Duke of Prussia. Dorothea had a very good relationship with Albert and this contributed to a good and active contact between Denmark and Prussia which continued during her brother's reign and until her death.
Dorothea and her spouse corresponded with her brother, the king of Denmark, and acted as his political advisors. Albert of Prussia was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and, after converting to Lutheranism, the first duke of the Duchy of Prussia, which was the first state to adopt the Lutheran faith and Protestantism as the official state religion.
Albert proved instrumental in the political spread of Protestantism in its early stage. Because Albert was a member of the Brandenburg-Ansbach branch of the House of Hohenzollern, it had been hoped that his election as Grand Master would reverse the decline of the Teutonic Knights, underway since Duke Frederick of Saxony, of the House of Wettin, had been elected for the same reason.
Instead, Albert's secularization of the Prussian territories of the Order, eventually led to the inheritance of the Duchy of Prussia by the Margraviate of Essay questions about the roman empire. Despite being quite religious, he was also interested in mathematics and science, and sometimes is claimed to have contradicted the teachings of the Church in favour of scientific theories.
His career was forwarded by the Church however and institutions of the Catholic clerics supported his early advance. Albert accompanied Emperor Maximilian I to Italy inand after his return spent some time in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Mariens in Jerusalemcommonly called the Teutonic Order, was a German medieval military order, in modern times a purely religious Catholic order. It was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals. Its members have commonly been known as the Teutonic Knights, since they also served as a crusading military order in the Middle Ages.
The Roman Empire term papers available at attheheels.com, the largest free term paper community. The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and . Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age. He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson.
The military membership was always small, with volunteers and mercenaries augmenting the force as needed. After the Reformation, the Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Order became Protestant; this branch still consists of knights, but the modern Roman Catholic order consists of Roman Catholic priests, nuns, and associates.
The order was formed at the end of the 12th century in Acre, in the Levant, the medieval Order played an important role in Outremer, controlling the port tolls of Acre. After Christian forces were defeated in the Middle East, the Order moved to Transylvania in to help defend Hungary against the Kipchaks.
The Knights were expelled inafter allegedly attempting to place themselves under Papal instead of Hungarian sovereignty. The Order then created the independent Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights in the conquered territory, and subsequently conquered Livonia.
The Kings of Poland accused the Order of holding lands rightfully theirs. The Order lost its main purpose in Europe with the Christianisation of Lithuania. The Teutonic Knights had a strong economic base, hired mercenaries from throughout Europe to augment their feudal levies, and became a naval power in the Baltic Sea.
Ina Polish-Lithuanian army decisively defeated the Order and broke its military power at the Battle of Grunwald Tannenberg. Thereafter the Empire did not support the Order against Poland. Soon after, the Order lost Livonia and its holdings in the Protestant areas of Germany. The Order kept its considerable holdings in Catholic areas of Germany untilwhen Napoleon Bonaparte ordered its dissolution and the Order lost its last secular holdings.
The Order continued to exist as a charitable and ceremonial body. It was outlawed by Adolf Hitler inbut re-established in Today it operates primarily with charitable aims in Central Europe. The Knights wore white surcoats with a black cross.
The motto of the Order was: It was built in Prussia by the Teutonic Knights, in a form of an Ordensburg fortress. The Order named it Marienburg Mary's Castle. The town which grew around it was also named Marienburg. The castle is a classic example of a medieval fortress, and on its completion in was the world's largest brick castle.
Philip having predeceased his father, Charles succeeded his grandfather Maximilian as Holy Roman Emperor inand thus ruled both the Holy Roman Empire and the Spanish Empire simultaneously. Holy Roman Emperor Charles V — Charles was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I and his son Philip II in From that point forward spanned his empire nearly four million square kilometers across Europe, the Far East, and the Americas.
Much of Charles' reign was devoted to the Italian Wars against France which, although enormously expensive, were militarily successful. However, the Ottoman advance was halted after they failed to capture Vienna in True, the western portion of the Empire was crumbling, but all through the fifth and sixth centuries the people of the east could say without a doubt that the Roman Empire had not fallen.
There was no certain official date when Rome was considered to fall. Ruling the Later Roman Empire (Revealing Antiquity) [Christopher Kelly] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In this highly original work, Christopher Kelly paints a remarkable picture of running a superstate.
He portrays a complex system of government openly regulated by networks of personal influence and the payment of money. The short essay ( pages), typed and double-spaced, is an excellent way to demonstrate your ability to condense a great deal of material into what is essentially a compact essay.
A short essay is not a research essay and should not be treated as such. 13 A major contribution of the Golden Age of Islam was the (1) development of mercantilism (2) creation of the first polytheistic religion (3) spread of democratic ideals.
Ancient Rome Short Essay Questions. STUDY.
PLAY. The Roman Empire was built around the Tiber river because the original civilizations like the Latins lived along the Tiber River which eventually grew the Roman Republic. How were the Punic Wars responsible for Roman Imperialism?
Fall of the Roman Empire [Arther Ferrill] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What caused the fall of Rome? Since Gibbon's day scholars have hotly debated the question and come up with answers ranging from blood poisoning to rampant immortality.
In recent years.