Choosing to Participate While the Nazis took control of Germany and planned for war in Europe, Japan aggressively expanded its control of territory in east Asia by invading Manchuria in and China in
Miller defines a street gang as "a self-formed association of peers, united by mutual interests, with identifiable leadership and internal organization, who act collectively or as individuals to achieve specific purposes, including the conduct of illegal activity and control of a particular territory, facility, or enterprise.
An individual's age, physical structure, ability to fight, willingness to commit violence, and arrest record are often principal factors in determining where an individual stands in the gang hierarchy; now money derived from criminal activity and ability to provide for the gang also impacts the individual's status within the gang.
The structure of gangs varies depending primarily on size, which can range An introduction to the history of gangsterisum five or ten to thousands. Many of the larger gangs break up into smaller groups, cliques or sub-sets. The cliques typically bring more territory to a gang as they expand and recruit new members.
Most gangs operate informally with leadership falling to whomever takes control; others have distinct leadership and are highly structured, which resembles more or less a business or corporation. Prison gangs are groups in prison or correctional institution  for mutual protection and advancement.
Prison gangs often have several "affiliates" or "chapters" in different state prison systems that branch out due to the movement or transfer of their members. The study neither War nor Peace: International Comparisons of Children and Youth in Organized Armed Violence studied ten cities worldwide and found that in eight of them, "street gangs had strong links to prison gangs".
Although the majority of gang leaders from Chicago are now incarcerated, most of those leaders continue to manage their gangs from within prison. During the s, prison gangs in Cape TownSouth Africa began recruiting street gang members from outside and helped increase associations between prison and street gangs.
Involvement[ edit ] Matthew O'Deane has identified five primary steps of gang involvement applicable to the majority of gangs in the world; at risk, associates, members, hardcore members, and leaders.
This gang member is probably the oldest in the posse, likely has the smallest criminal record, and they often have the power to direct the gang's activity, whether they are involved or not. In many jurisdictions, this person is likely a prison gang member calling the shots from within the prison system or is on parole.
Often, they distance themselves from the street gang activities and make attempts to appear legitimate, possibly operating a business that they run as a front for the gang's drug dealing or other illegal operations. These desires are very influential in attracting individuals to join gangs, and their influence is particularly strong on at-risk youth.
Such individuals are often experiencing low levels of these various factors in their own lives, feeling ostracized from their community and lacking social support.
Joining a gang may appear to them to be the only way to obtain status and success; they may feel that "if you can't beat 'em, join 'em". Upon joining a gang, they instantly gain a feeling of belonging and identity; they are surrounded with individuals whom they can relate to.
They have generally grown up in the same area as one another and can bond over similar needs. In some areas, joining a gang is an integrated part of the growing-up process. Gang defectors are often subject to retaliation from the deserted gang.
Many gangs, including foreign and transnational gangs, hold that the only way to leave the gang is through death. This is sometimes informally called the "morgue rule". In addition, when together, the gang criminality as a whole is greater than that of its members when they are alone.
Some states have a formal process to establish that a person is a member of a gang, called validation. Once a person is validated as a gang member, the person is subject to increased sentences, harsher punishments such as solitary confinement and more restrictive parole rules.
To validate a person as a gang member, the officials generally must provide evidence of several factors, such as tattoos, photographs, admissions, clothing, etc. The legal requirements for validating a person are much lower than the requirements for convicting of a crime.
A survey of Mexican American gang members and associates defined these categories as girlfriends, hoodrats, good girls, and relatives. Hoodrats are seen as being promiscuous and heavy drug and alcohol users. Gang members may engage in casual sex with these girls, but they are not viewed as potential longterm partners and are severely stigmatized by both men and women in gang culture.The Rise of Organized Crime in the United States Essays Words | 8 Pages.
Organized crime has been around since the ’s. It was not until the ’s that organized crime began to develop into a bigger problem.
Following the victory of Allied Forces during World War I, more and more immigrants began to immigrate into the United States.
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Introduction to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Examine the historical context leading up to the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and understand how Eleanor Roosevelt became involved in the process.
Hist Intro to World History Exam 2. STUDY.
PLAY. The period of crisis characterizing the reign of the Barracks Emperors is called the Bread and Riots. False. He built the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Justinian. Rome fought with this city-state in three conflicts called the Punic Wars.
Main problems like smoking, gangsterism and illegal racing are affecting the country¶s development. Gangsterism is common in a developing nation such as Malaysia and we have heard a lot about it occurring in schools/5(2).