Table of contents for William Shakespeare's Twelfth night: Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher.
Violatwin sister to Sebastian. The actual Illyria is an ancient region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea covering parts of modern AlbaniaCroatiaand Montenegro and the city state of Ragusa has been proposed as the setting .
It has been noted that the play's setting also has English characteristics such as Viola's use of "Westward ho!
The leading character, Viola, is shipwrecked on the shores of Illyria during the opening scenes. She loses contact with her twin brother, Sebastian, whom she believes is dead. Masquerading as a young page under the name Cesario, she enters the service of Duke Orsino through the help of the sea captain who rescues her.
Orsino is in love with the bereaved Lady Olivia, whose father and brother have recently died, and who will have nothing to do with any suitors, the Duke included.
Orsino decides to use "Cesario" as an intermediary to tell Olivia about his love for her. Olivia, believing Viola to be a man, falls in love with this handsome and eloquent messenger.
Viola, in turn, has fallen in love with the Duke, who also believes Viola is a man, and who regards her as his confidant. Olivia by Edmund Blair Leighton Much of the play is taken up with the comic subplotin which several characters conspire to make Olivia's pompous head steward, Malvoliobelieve that his lady Olivia wishes to marry him.
Sir Toby and Sir Andrew get drunk and disturb the peace of their lady's house by continously singing catches late into the night at the top of their voices, prompting Malvolio to chastise them.
The riotous company convince Malvolio that Olivia is secretly in love with him through a love letter written by Maria in Olivia's hand asking Malvolio; to wear yellow stockings cross-gartered, to be rude to the rest of the servants, and to smile constantly in the presence of Olivia.
Olivia, saddened by Viola's attitude towards her, asks for her chief steward, and is shocked by a Malvolio who has seemingly lost his mind.
She leaves him to the contrivances of his tormentors. Pretending that Malvolio is insane, they lock him up in a dark cellar a common "treatment" for the mentally illwith a slit for light.
Feste visits him to mock his "insanity", once disguised as a priest, and again as himself. At the end of the play Malvolio learns of their conspiracy and storms off promising revenge, but the Duke sends Fabian to pacify him.
Meanwhile Sebastian, Viola's brother, believed deceased, arrives on the scene, sowing confusion. Mistaking him for Viola, Olivia asks him to marry her, and they are secretly united.
Finally, when the twins appear in the presence of both Olivia and the Duke, there is more wonder and awe at their similarity, at which point Viola reveals she is really a female and that Sebastian is her lost twin brother. The play ends in a declaration of marriage between the Duke and Viola, and it is learned that Toby has married Maria.
An elegiac song from Feste "heigh-ho, the wind and the rain" brings the entertainment to a close. Subtitles for plays were fashionable in the Elizabethan eraand though some editors place The Merchant of Venice 's alternate title, The Jew of Venice, as a subtitle, this is the single Shakespeare play to bear one when first published.
The first recorded performance was on 2 Februaryat Candlemasthe formal end of Christmastide in the year's calendar. It was originally a Catholic holiday but, prior to Shakespeare's play, had become a day of revelry. Servants often dressed up as their masters, men as women and so forth.
This history of festive ritual and Carnivalesque reversal is the cultural origin of the play's confusion. She does not, however, use her disguise to enable her to intervene directly in the plot unlike other Shakespearean heroines such as Rosalind in As You Like It and Portia in The Merchant of Veniceremaining someone who allows "Time" to untangle the plot.
V she asks her "Are you a comedian? He finishes by likening himself to "the old Vice" of English Morality plays. The only record of the performance is an entry in the diary of the lawyer John Manninghamwho wrote: A good practice in it to make the steward believe his lady-widow was in love with him, by counterfeiting a letter as from his lady, in general term telling him what she liked best in him and prescribing his gesture in smiling, his apparel, etc.
At this particular performance, Manningham also notes the interesting dimension that is added when a male actor plays a female character who disguises herself as a man.
Some scholars attribute this to an innate Elizabethan structure that systematically deprived gender diversity of its nature and meaning.
As the very nature of Twelfth Night explores gender identity and sexual attraction, having a male actor play Viola enhanced the impression of androgyny and sexual ambiguity.
Act V, Scene i William Hamiltonc. The play was also one of the earliest Shakespearean works acted at the start of the Restoration ; Sir William Davenant 's adaptation was staged inwith Thomas Betterton in the role of Sir Toby Belch.
Samuel Pepys thought it "a silly play", but saw it three times anyway during the period of his diary on 11 September6 Januaryand 20 January In an operatic version by Frederic Reynolds was staged, with music composed by Henry Bishop. Influential productions were staged inby Harley Granville-Barkerand inat the Old Vic.
The Old Vic Theatre was reopened in after suffering severe damage in the London Blitz in with a memorable production starring Peggy Ashcroft as Viola.Twelfth Night: A Casebook.] 2The possibility of Shakespeare having read In Praise of Folly seems great since the work was written in Thomas More's home.
and at least one of the masters (Simon Hunt) at Shakespeare's grammar school during his time there was an Oxford man (Speaight ). THE YALE SHAKESPEARB Revised Edition Qeneral Editors Helge Kokeritx and Charles T. Prouty Published on the fund gives&t o the Y a l e University Press in Y by the.
This was a great way to learn and introduce Shakespeare's Twelfth Night. Our teenage son had problems understanding and getting into it. This, not only got him to read it, but he understand it much better as well, which did lead to a very nice essay and discussion on his project.
“I do care for something”: Twelfth Night’s Feste and the Performance of Character.
This and all subsequent quotations of the play from are from Twelfth Night, or What You Will, The Arden Shakespeare, “Upon Master William Shakespeare, the Deceased Authour, and his Poems.” Poems: Written by Wil.
London, William Shakespeare' s Twelfth Night - Google Kitaplar Sonucu. Twelfth Night and the Fool in King Lear both sing the lyrics of the same song, reminding the audience that. I am going to look at all his roles and purposes in the play, using evidence to.
According to the introduction of my edition of Twelfth Night, at least one scholar believes that the play was performed on Twelfth Night in , although the first recorded performance was February 2, But there might be another reason for the title: in addition to a being time of holiday revels, among the traditions of Twelfth Night is.