Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. In the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. It was a custom of their ancestors, and the manner of it is as follows.
Visit Website Did you know? Sparta, located in the Peloponnese the southern peninsula of mainland Greecewas most powerful as a land force. Its system of government favored austere militarism and adherence to tradition.
Visit Website The initial 10 years of the conflict saw annual Spartan land raids countered by Athenian sea attacks.
Inthe Athenians under their leader Cleon made an unsuccessful attempt to retake Amphipolis. Both Cleon and the Spartan general Brasidas died in the battle, pushing the war-weary sides to negotiate a treaty. An uneasy peace followed, but six years later Athens launched a seaborne expedition against Syracuse, an ally of Sparta in distant Sicily.
This proved disastrous, and the Athenians were driven from the island in by the combined Sicilian and Spartan forces.
Athens surrendered to Sparta in Thucydides is careful to note that at times he records only the gist of what was said, or what he thinks should have been said.
At other times the speeches form dialogues, as stronger and weaker parties debate the ethics of war. The Melian dialogue, from just a few years later, records the leaders of a neutral island pleading with Athens for their survival. The Athenians reply that, although Melos has done nothing to offend them, they are justified in destroying them simply because they can: Aristotlewho lived a few decades later and wrote about the same era, never mentions him.
By the first century B. Over the next centuries, numerous copies were made of the work, ensuring its survival past the dark ages.In BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed.
After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles. The “Funeral Oration” of Pericles stands as one of the great speeches of Western history.
The people of our nation need to be grateful that they are even a part of a . Hillsdale College. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. Understanding the Passage (Key Questions) Understanding the Passage (Some Answers) Further Reading. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. In BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all .
The historian Thucydides wrote about the speech of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War.” Thucydides wrote that the speech was reproduced from his memory and was a loose account only. This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in B.C., just after the start of war.
Abdulaziz Alrediny History (Core ) 06 – 05 – Professor: M. Swanson Funeral Oration by Pericles In the Aftermath of the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta, Pericles, Athens’ general and statesmen, delivered a powerfully comforting eulogy to the polis of Athens, assuring the people that their city state is in good hands, and easing the pain of all the families and.